International Symposium on Mathematical Science at Niigata University 2016
Applying Psychology Theories in Teaching Indonesia's High School Mathematics
*Joy Simanjuntak (Chung Yuan Christian University (CYCU))
Every time PISA and TIMSS are held, Indonesia's education system goes through humiliation especially the mathematics performance result of students. The last PISA in 2012 put Indonesia in the second lowest of the league table, where the last TIMSS in 2011 put Indonesia in the fourth lowest of the league table. The result shows the Indonesia education system is going nowhere or even becomes more terrible. The goals of this study are to construct a learning model which able to absorb more students attention during the learning, and students are also able to absorb more knowledge or information from the teaching conducted. Attention is the most basic component of learning, the more students put their attention to the learning, the more information they will gain from the learning. Human thought and behavior has emerged thanks to various psychology theories. By using the availability of psychology theories such as social learning theory (Bandura), activation theory (R. Zajonc), the law of effect (E. Thorndike), operant conditioning (B.F. Skinner), Broadbent filter model, initiation-response-evaluation (Mehan) and some best psychologists ever such as D. Ausubel, Hiebert & Carpenter, Frederic Bartlett (remembering), Aristotle and Lock (repetition), Brousseau (didactical contract), and Dewey, the learning model steps are constructed completely with the strategy to conduct each step. The implications of this study for Indonesia, especially mathematics education of Indonesian high school student are enormous: as one of alternatives to teach mathematics, and as one of solutions to prepare young people to be ready to solve many problem in economic development.